A burning in the mouth is a symptom found in many conditions, including dry mouth syndrome, diabetes and anemia. However, many patients in Hawaii and across the U.S. are being diagnosed with burning mouth syndrome the moment doctors realize that this is one of the symptoms. It is a misdiagnosis that leads to some patients never getting the correct treatment. Others have to see several doctors before being correctly diagnosed.
Multiple sclerosis is frequently misdiagnosed because its symptoms are similar to those of other conditions. These symptoms can also vary from patient to patient. As for how frequently the condition goes unnoticed, this was the subject of a new study conducted by researchers at UCLA and the Cedars-Sinai Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunology Center. Hawaii residents may be interested in the results.
The results of a recent study suggest that more than half of the people in Hawaii and throughout the country who are diagnosed with schizophrenia each year may only suffer from anxiety. A team of researchers from Johns Hopkins University studied the cases of 54 patients who were referred to a Baltimore clinic after being diagnosed with schizophrenia by a general practitioner, and they found that only 26 of them actually suffered from the condition. Most of the patients were eventually diagnosed with either anxiety or some sort of mood disorder.
Diagnostic errors have long been known to be a leading factor in malpractice among hospitalized patients. However, separate reports from two malpractice insurers have found that such mistakes are behind the majority of all medical malpractice claims. Residents of Hawaii may be interested to know the conclusions of these reports.
A study published in December 2018 has shown that electronic health records, despite their advantages, can sometimes contribute to safety errors in medicine. Hawaii residents, especially those with children who take medication, should take note that EHR issues are behind an estimated 50 percent of all pediatric safety errors.
Children in Hawai'i who have been diagnosed with brain cancer may have a reason for additional testing following discoveries made by research scientists. According to researchers, some children with rare pediatric brain tumors have been misdiagnosed with one type of cancer when they actually have another. Scientists found that when these tumors' molecular profiles were examined using newly developed technologies, they were found to be far different than they originally appeared. The type of tumor in question, called a CNS-PNET, was traditionally diagnosed based on where it was found in the brain as well as how it appeared under a microscope.
When someone in Hawaii shows signs of dementia, it's common to assume it may be Alzheimer's disease. Sometimes what's assumed to be Alzheimer's is another form or dementia known as Lewy body dementia, or LBD. Receiving a correct diagnosis is important because there are key differences in how each of these conditions is treated. With medications, for instance, people with LBD might respond better to certain dementia drugs than individuals with Alzheimer's.
Anyone in Hawaii who has suffered from West Nile virus is likely familiar with the symptoms of fevers, headaches and body tremors. In serious cases, however, the virus can cause the brain and spinal cord to become inflamed, sending the victim to the hospital. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention state that there is no specific vaccine or antiviral treatment for West Nile. But those with a mild form can be treated with over-the-counter pain medications or fever reducers.
Hawaii residents who are about to schedule a doctor's examination or undergo surgery will want to avoid an afternoon visit, if possible. There are several good reasons for doing so, the first being that doctors and nurses, like other workers, experience what's called the afternoon slump. Fatigue sets in around 2 pm and 3 pm, which means decreased attention and productivity and, with it, an increased risk for medical mistakes.
A new study has found that over half of doctors in Hawaii and the rest of the United States are suffering from workplace burnout. Unfortunately, this makes them more likely to commit medical errors. The study was published July 9 in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.